5 Amazing Trees That Grow In Canada

Canada is the second largest country in the world in terms of landmass, and has approximately 0.5% of the world’s population. Suffice to say we have a lot of room to grow trees. Roughly 30% of the Boreal forest, the world’s largest land-based biome can be found in Canada.

The Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) is arguably Canada’s most well known tree.  Too be honest, it is also pretty amazing.  Maple syrup is, after all, nothing more than the condensed sap of the Sugar Maple. What is more amazing than Maple syrup on pancakes, with a good helping of bacon on the side? Not much.

Thankfully, there is much more to Canada than Maple trees.  Canada’s diverse climate and topography supports a diverse variety of trees. These are 5 of the most amazing trees that grow in Canada.

Arctic Willow (Salix arctica)

Arctic Willow grows in Canada’s far north.  It is the most northerly, woody plant in the world.  Salix arctica has made many adaptations to the cold climate of the tundra. Adaptations like it’s stunted growth, shallow root system, and insulating “hairs” allow it to survive such harsh conditions.

Arctic Willow

Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)

After talking about one of Canada’s smallest trees, let’s talk about one of the biggest, the mighty Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis). The Sitka Spruce can grow to a height of 100m.  It is the tallest species of spruce and the 3rd tallest conifer.  The Sitka Spruce grows in the Coastal Rainforest of British Columbia along the Pacific Ocean.

Sitka Spruce

Arbutus Tree (Arbutus menziesii)

The Arbutus Tree is a broadleaf evergreen tree that can grow up to 30 metres in height. It is the only broadleaf evergreen tree native to Canada.  The Arbutus grows in the very south-western part of British Columbia, close to the Pacific Ocean.

Arbutus Tree

Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)

The Pawpaw tree produces the largest edible fruit of any tree native to North America. The Pawpaw grows in the Carolinian forests of Southwestern, Ontario.  The large berries (4-16cm) produced by the Pawpaw have a creamy, custard texture when ripe, varying in color from creamy-white to yellow-orange. The taste is described as a cross between a mango and a banana.

Pawpaw

Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana)

The Jack Pine can be found across Canada in the Boreal forest. The Jack Pine is uniquely adapted to deal with the intense fires that sweep through the forests it inhabits.  Jack pine cones are sealed with a resin that melts when exposed to intense heat.  When fire destroys the forest, the Jack Pine is one of the first species to be re-established.

Jack Pine

Canada is home to 180 different species of tree, all of which are “amazing” in their own unique way.  Consider planting a native tree in your yard.

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